The Asian Tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus) is an exotic species native to Asia, which was first introduced to the Western Hemisphere in the mid 1980’s as a result of international trade in used tires. It is believed that the mosquitos hitched a ride in tires imported to Houston, Texas from Japan in 1985. However, it would take two more years for the mosquitos to make their way to Maryland.
The Asian Tiger mosquito was first discovered in Baltimore City in 1987. It has thrived in Maryland ever since. Today, the Asian Tiger mosquito can be found in all Maryland counties except Allegany and Garrett. The mosquito does best in residential areas with a great deal of shade and plenty of small stands of water – such as clogged rain gutters, tires, buckets, cans, bottles, boats, flower pots, bird baths, children’s toys, rain barrels, and pet food – for breeding. In fact, it is estimated that these mosquitos call more than 100,000 Maryland residences home.
The Asian Tiger mosquito is known to carry several diseases, including dog heartworm disease, West Nile virus, encephalitis, Dengue fever, and yellow fever. This is why it is so important to protect yourself and your loved ones from these pests.
Controlling the Asian Tiger Mosquito in Maryland
- Eliminate Standing Water: Draining standing water will help control mosquitoes.
- Insecticides: Insecticides have proven effective in controlling Asian Tiger mosquitos, providing temporary relief from biting annoyance and reducing the risk of disease transmission.
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The Asian Tiger mosquito is easily identifiable. They are medium sized and black in color with distinctive white stripes, which are the basis for the name “tiger.”
The Asian Tiger Mosquito in Maryland Maryland Department of Agriculture